This Concept Map, created with IHMC CmapTools, has information related to: Education Philosophy, Berkeley 1685-1753 C.E. philosophy Lock didn't go far enough. All we experience is only our perception of what is out there. There is a real world, but what we know of it is only our perception, Realism represented by Whitehead 1861-1947 C.E., Philosophy of Education as expressed in Postmodernism, Royce 1855-1916C.E. philosophy Exponent of Hegelian Idealism. "Embodiment of purpose" means that the essence of anything is mental. Ideas are mainly purposes and achievement fulfillment through action. Without an external world in which purposes are realized, ideas are incomplete. If purposes are not realized, the external world is meaningless., Idealism represented by Socrates/Plato Plato: 427-347 B.C.E., Education is the key to a better world. Many of the world's problems could be solved if proven methods of science were used. founded Beacon Hill School, Cartesian Dualism God created two kinds of reality: thinking substance and extended substance. Thinking substance is in the mind, subjective, emotional, consciousness. Extended substance: the physical world. this leads to Cartesian Duality reshaped the western world. The Enlightenment left thinking substance to philosophers, theologians, writers, etc. Enlightenment thinkers took over extended substance which can be measured, tested, proved. The only reality science cares about is physical reality., Idealism represented by Royce 1855-1916C.E., Fanon 1925-1961 C.E. philosophy Wrote Wretched of the Earth, an analysis of violence and revolution. Skin color determines whether one's home is made of brick or mud. Colonialism is characterized by violence in the forms of spiritual, economic, and political violence forcing people to give up their gods for the White God. Resistance is labeled as terrorist violence., Aristotle 384-322 B.C.E. learning theory Associationism: Law of Similarity Law of Contrast Law of Contiguity Law of Frequency, Behaviorism represented by Watson 1878-1958 C.E., Beliefs about truth are rooted in historical conflict and struggle. These notions about truth hold power over institutions, social systems, and personal identities. People cling to truths that situate them as subjects and objects of knowledge. Thus, they fulfill various roles demanded by political, social, and economic order. This is the result of destiny or deterministic course of history but of power regimes that pass themselves off as necessary. shares the rejection of block universe, metanarratives, and objective certainty with Pragmatism, Philosophy of Education as expressed in Reconstructionism, Postmodernism represented by Derrida 1930-2004 C.E., Marx 1818-1883 C.E. philosophy The real nature of society is determined by economics. Marx accepted Hegel's dialectic but rejected his idealism. The only thing that changes history is materialism. The state exists to protect the ruling class. Once class is done away with, there will be no class conflict., Augustine 354-430 C.E. philosophy There are two cities: the city of God and the city of earth. The two cities struggle against each other. The visible is real, and the invisible is real. All are motivated by love, either love of eternal things or love of earthly things., Whitehead 1861-1947 C.E. generalization of inductive results associates Whitehead with Idealism, Reconstructionism represented by Counts 1889-1974 C.E., Buber 1878-1965 C.E. philosophy I-Thou as opposed to I-It relationships. Mutual respect and dignity for all human beings., Existentialism represented by Nietzsche 1844-1900 C.E.